The Seville International Exhibition of 1929, also known as the Ibero-American Exposition, was a world’s fair held in Seville, Spain, from May 9 to December 21, 1929. It was a significant cultural and social event in Spain, showcasing the country’s artistic and technological advancements to the rest of the world.
The idea of hosting an international exhibition in Seville was first proposed by the architect Aníbal González, who had previously designed many buildings in the city. The idea gained support from the Spanish government, and in 1924, the Spanish Parliament officially approved the plan to hold the exhibition.
The exhibition was held in Maria Luisa Park, a public park in Seville that was donated to the city by the Infanta Maria Luisa Fernanda de Borbón, sister of King Alfonso XII. The park was redesigned and transformed into an exhibition space, featuring ornate pavilions, fountains, and gardens.
The Seville International Exhibition of 1929 was a grand event that showcased the cultural, technological, and industrial achievements of the participating countries. The pavilions of the exhibition were some of the most impressive structures of their time, designed by famous architects and featuring a mix of traditional and modernist styles.
One of the most notable pavilions was the Spanish Pavilion, designed by Aníbal González. The pavilion featured a series of arched doorways, a central courtyard, and a tower that soared 40 meters into the sky. The German Pavilion, designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, was a masterpiece of modernist architecture with glass walls and steel framing, while the French Pavilion, designed by Jean-Claude Nicolas Forestier, was a beautiful example of Art Deco architecture with a large central dome and intricate metalwork.
The British Pavilion, designed by Edwin Lutyens, was a blend of classical and modern styles with a grand entrance, a large central hall, and a rooftop garden with stunning views of the exhibition. The United States Pavilion, designed by George Keister, was neoclassical in design, featuring a grand entrance with a colonnade of columns. The Brazilian Pavilion, designed by Lucio Costa and Gregori Warchavchik, was a modernist masterpiece featuring clean lines and simple shapes.
The Mexican Pavilion, designed by Vicente Mendiola, was intended to showcase Mexico’s rich history and cultural diversity. The pavilion featured a large central courtyard with a fountain, surrounded by ornate arches and columns. The walls of the pavilion were decorated with colorful murals and carvings depicting scenes from Mexican history and mythology. One of the most striking features of the Mexican Pavilion was the large statue of the Aztec goddess Coatlicue, which stood at the entrance to the pavilion.
The Colombian Pavilion, designed by Guillermo Echavarría, was another impressive example of the country’s cultural heritage. The pavilion was designed to look like a traditional Colombian house, with a thatched roof and whitewashed walls. The interior of the pavilion was decorated with colorful murals and displays of traditional Colombian crafts, such as weaving and pottery. The pavilion’s central courtyard featured a beautiful garden and a fountain, surrounded by a series of arches and columns.
Overall, the pavilions of the Seville International Exhibition of 1929 were a testament to the architectural and artistic achievements of the participating countries. They showcased a wide range of styles, from traditional to modernist, and helped to make the exhibition a great success. The Mexican and Colombian pavilions were notable for their representation of the cultural richness and artistic achievements of those countries, and they helped to promote cultural exchange and cooperation among the countries of Latin America and Spain. The pavilions still stand today and are an important part of Seville’s architectural heritage.